Because frogs are brightly colored, they tend to be looked on with more awe than toads. However, American toads have some pretty neat attributes when you get to know them.
They taste bad.
American toads are covered in red and yellow wart-looking spots that actually contain glands that secrete poison. Don’t worry, it won’t hurt you if you touch them. The poisonous milky fluid makes them taste bad to predators, and it is harmful to predators when swallowed or if it gets in their eyes.
Toads’ main predators are snakes, and unfortunately for toads, some of them — like the garter snake — are immune to their poison. They will sometimes urinate on themselves to become a less appetizing meal or will inflate their bodies to be harder to swallow.
Whether the toad has urinated or secreted, you do want to make sure to wash your hands after touching a toad, like any animal.
They don’t ribbit.
When looking at any frog or toad, people tend to “ribbit.” That’s the sound many of us learn all frogs and toads make. However, toads actually don’t ribbit. Instead they have a pretty singing voice. Listen below.
They are different colors.
You might think American toads are all brown, but sometimes they are red with light patches of green or even gray. Their bellies are even a white or yellow color. They’re much more colorful than you might think!
They eat their skin.
While growing, American toads shed their external skin every couple of weeks. Older toads lose their skin about four times per year. The skin peels off in one pieces and is collected underneath its tongue and is eaten.
They have sticky tongues like frogs.
Most toads wait for prey to come along and pounce on it. American toads can shoot out their sticky tongues to catch prey.
One American toad can eat up to 1,000 insects per day, so they stay busy eating.
Al and Wally, named for conservationist Alfred Wallace, are two Great Plains toads (Anaxyrus cognatus) that live at the Dickinson County Nature Center. Four different toads live in Iowa — Great Plains toad, American toad, Fowler’s toad and Woodhouse’s toad — and they can be difficult to tell apart. Here are a few key ways…Read More
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Since we talked today about five facts that will make you love toads (read the blog post here), we decided to make a toad-themed craft. If you look up toad crafts, there are not a lot out there! Like we mentioned in the blog post, toads tend to get overlooked in favor of their more…Read More
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